Difference Between Adaptation and Translation


Adaptation is a process that might be used instead of translation or we can say it is a tool of translation that we use due to multiple reasons but particularly due to cultural and behavioral differences. 


You ever might have caught up in a situation when you have to communicate your message to a person who has not the same mother tongue as yours, and the other person doesn’t even understand your language in any way. What did you have done in that particular situation? You might have used gestures, signs, or other noises to make the other person understand that what you are trying to say. In simple words, we can say that these methods are known as adaptation. 


Today, we will focus on multiple aspects of adaptation and translation. For the ease of our readers, we have divided the article into the following sub-categories:


  • Understanding the difference between adaptation and translation
  • Reasons and types of adaptation
  • Techniques typically used for adaptation


Understanding the difference between adaptation and translation

One of the tools utilized in translation is adaptation. It is utilized by and large, as social differences between different speakers can create turmoil that can now and again be precarious to comprehend or basically keep us from seeing one another. Adaptation isn’t to be mistaken for restriction, however, which is utilized when the intended interest group talks a different variation of a similar language, for example, on account of Latin America. While adjusting a message, we are not deciphering it literally. This doesn’t mean, however, that while adjusting a message or thought we are being faithless to the first message, or that we are not managing our work competently (interpreting). Essentially, there are circumstances in which it is required.


Adaptations, otherwise called “Free Translations” are the point at which the translator substitutes social real factors or situations for which there is no reference in the objective language. A basic model would translate “Friday thirteenth” from English into Spanish. For this situation, we would have to adjust the translation to the social truth of the Spanish-talking world and translate it as “Martes 13” (Tuesday the thirteenth). Adaptations are counterparts and can be seen all the more unmistakably in the translations of TV shows or films, where discussions or social references should be adjusted for foreign crowds.


When looking at translation and adaptation, we are contrasting two different ways of conveying a message. Much of the time it is difficult to translate a book without making an adaptation, as a “literal” translation of the message would cause a deficiency of all or part of the importance for the intended interest group. Realize when to adjust a message when an articulation may have a more fitting identical for a given circumstance. 


Reasons and types of adaptation

There are numerous reasons why adaptation is completed. The abstract supply of a nation might be deficient in certain parts of its writing, for example, kids writing. This may require the adaptation of foreign writings to address the issues of this class of crowd. Also, the adaptation of numerous books into plays or movies is attempted to grow or advance the abstract collection of a little country whose writing is deficient in certain viewpoints. 


In the seventeenth and eighteenth hundreds of years for instance all adaptations of foreign abstract writings going into France needed to comply with the standards of clearness, excellence, and great taste. In addition to this, texts are of the time adjusted to visual writings through gesture-based communication or captioning for the deaf. 

There is a propensity to adjust when managing a language that is a lot further away from the source language than a language that is linguistically a lot nearer and is known as language pair.


Following are the types of adaptation:



This sort of adaptation can be clarified as a translation procedure utilized to determine a translation problem when confronted with a source text circumstance that doesn’t exist in the intended interest group’s way of life. It’s anything but a minor piece of the translation and still permits the objective content to bear the majority of the qualities of the source text as far as importance, structure, and style. This kind of adaptation doesn’t make the objective content be viewed as an adaptation of the first. The objective content is as yet seen as a translation. A few qualities of local adaptation as that it influences without a doubt, not very many spaces of a book, the final result (target text) stays extremely near the source text language and culture, consequently seen as a translation and not as an adaptation of the first, and it’s anything but methods for tackling a problem translator experiences at the level of a sentence or an articulation.



As clarified over, this sort of adaptation influences the whole objective content, along these lines making it’s anything but look like the source text as far as structure or type and style. Here, the only thing that it shares for all intents and purposes with the source text is the subjects. By this kind of adaptation, a novel can be changed into a play or a film in the equivalent language, or into another dialect. This type of adaptation separates the objective content from the source text as far as classification and style, influences the objective content completely, maintains the subjects or the global goal of the source text, and can bear the connector’s name as the creator of the subsequent objective content.



This can be characterized as a revising of a book starting with one language then onto the next as per exigencies of the intended interest group. An illustration of this incorporates the French adaptation of the 2001-2011 American police.



This is an adaptation completed inside a similar language. It remembers changing for a similar language a novel that was recently composed for grown-ups into a youngster’s storybook. An intra-lingual adaptation additionally has, as an illustration, the changing of a novel into a play in a similar language. The Shakespearean play we today read in current English is an intra-lingual adaptation from his early English renditions.



The Intersemiotic adaptation manages at least two totally different codes, for instance changing a semantic content into a melodic or moving, or picture text. Along these lines, when Tchaikovsky made the tune Romeo and Juliet he really played out an intersemiotic adaptation: he ‘adjusted’ Shakespeare’s play from the etymological code into the melodic one. The articulation code was changed completely from words to melodic sounds. Then, at that point, as it was intended for artful dance, there was a ballet performer who ‘translated’ further, from the two past codes into a ‘moving’ one, which communicates itself thoughts through body development.


Techniques typically used for adaptation

Following are the techniques used for adaptation:



Transcription is the demonstration of paying attention to a discourse (live or recorded) and changing it’s anything but a composed archive. Transcription can likewise allude to the straightforward as can be parroting of an already printed text on a paper report. By and large, this undertaking is to remobilize an old book to fit the advanced paper or reading designs. Despite the fact that this definition doesn’t disclose to us whether parroting happens inside a similar language or across dialects, in any event, it reveals to us that simple recopying of an old book while making it to suit the assumptions for a specific crowd is a method for adaptation.


Removing or adding

This is another procedure of adaptation that includes excluding a few pieces of the source text which in the judgment of the connector, are not applicable to the objective readers. By this procedure, the connector can likewise continue by adding a few materials that are not in the source text just to meet the assumptions for the objective readers.



It’s anything but a strategy that has to do with the explanation of source data to make it more express to the intended interest group.



This involves subbing an old language or social things of a source text by the advanced one, to make it open to present-day readers.


Replacing equivalents

It’s anything but an adaptation procedure that includes supplanting source text social things or circumstances with other equivalent things or circumstances in the objective language culture.



It’s anything but a strategy that involves supplanting specific social things or ideas in the source language with target social things or ideas in the manner that addresses the issue and comprehension of the objective language crowd.



 Here the connector gets motivation from the source text and duplicates an objective that keeps up just the subjects of the source text and goes amiss from it as far as style and register. It just jellies the most fundamental data of the source text.



We can conclude the topic by saying that adaptation can be thought of as a tool of translation but it is nowhere the same as the translation. Both concepts are different in multiple ways. 

Also, read What is Continuous Localization?